Everyone is complaining of the relative high cost of broadband in Africa. The simple extrapolation is that Africa should not be seeing huge video-on-demand (VOD) market growth. However, it turns out that investors are seeing good data to pump money into the sector. Nigeria’s iROKTOtv has noted that its Africa market has been growing, even as it pivots to subscription based business model. This week, iflix which has Africa as one of its markets, via a newsletter, noted that it raised $133 million, led by Hearst, the same company that backed Buzzfeed, Roku and others.
iflix, … announced it has completed a $133 million funding round as it continues to deliver on its vision of bringing the world’s best entertainment to its audiences.
Since going live in May 2015, iflix rapidly established a clear leadership position in emerging markets, setting a new standard for delivering a world-class streaming entertainment service, passionately focused on local customer experiences. Over the last 12 months, the service has seen extraordinary growth across all segments of the business, expanding from four markets to 19 across Asia, the Middle East and Africa. The company has additionally built deep integrated distribution partnerships with 27 leading telecommunications operators to bundle the iflix service with customers’ mobile and data subscriptions, all sponsored by the telecommunications provider.
In that newsletter, the company noted that it has excess of 5 million registered users (note: not paid users). It also noted that revenue has gone up 230%. Sure, it is not only Africa that iflix operates, but its growth trajectory is not isolated, even within the continent. There is something going in the African VOD market.
Africa’s smartphone and mobile internet penetrations are improving. Those are good things and would naturally be the drivers for what we are seeing. But focusing on those two may miss critical elements of innovation taking place which many companies are using to deliver videos in ways that customers can watch them without breaking their bank accounts.
Besides, other small things are working for these content creators: localization and ease of payments. Kenyan Gotv users can pay in mPesa while in some African markets, mobile airtime or prepaid voucher works. With these options, more customers are easily on-boarded. For Naspers’ ShowMax, customers can lump the bills in their DSTv or GoTv accounts under the MultiChoice brand.
Besides, we need to give the players credit for efforts to deliver local contents over just syncing Hollywood contents to Africans. The local content has had real impacts in customer experience. Who will not prefer Real Househelps of Kawangware over Real Housewives of Atlanta, if you are living in Kenya?
Africa’s VOD is growing and very dynamic. In short they do understand that video has no illiteracy challenge when produced in the customer local language. Unlike text, there is no requirement that one has to be educated to read the contents. So technically, video has the full African market for itself provided the videos are produced in the languages of the customers.
There are more than 180 VOD platforms with focus on Africa and black culture. The same report noted that only about 6% of African web traffic is video related. This means that growth still awaits.
Netflix is now in Africa, delivering services to most parts of the continent except perhaps Somali and Sudan where US government has trade restrictions for U.S. companies.
Naspers, Africa’s largest company, owns ShowMax which is huge. So far, Netflix has not intimated it as it continues to grow. Since Netflix launch, it has expanded into new countries. This innovative firm has also added Econet Kwese TV which is delivered via satellite.
iROKOtv is the undisputed leader in West Africa, delivering high quality local contents. When it launched in 2011, it was followed by Kenya’s Buni.tv in 2012. Later, South Africa’s Wabona and West Africa’s Afrostreamm backed by Y Combinator. Some of these companies have merged resulting to Restless Global, Trace Play, etc. Wabona has since shut down. There is also Ericsson Nuvu, South Africa’s Vidi and many other small players across the continent. Sure, most of those startups will fade. But that should not be the end of the story.
Innovation in Technology
Because price of data is still high, I will give these video players credit for what they are achieving. The winner will not just win on content but also technology. That means developing better compression algorithms to make delivering video on slow networks very effective. That not only improves customer experience, it also ensures customers pay lesser in a metered mobile Internet. I see three ways they are doing this:
- Capping Technology: you make sure users can cap data as they go on the binge. This bandwidth capping tool is associated with how the user controls the quality of video. In other words, you can save cost by watching a slightly poor quality video.
- Offline Watching: This is already common. They allow users to download the video to watch offline later.
- Superior Compression: Connecting the above two is compression technology which ensures that watching or downloading video does not take so long in a poor network. Besides, it saves users money.
While we are seeing more funds arriving, in this sector, it does not mean that the key challenges have been solved. The slow internet, high cost of data and stability of the Internet infrastructure across most African cities will remain major challenges. Since most of these companies are not helping the telcos to address the issues, which will persist for years, VOD growth will remain in the cities. But the resilience in this sector does mean that technology (like compression tool) is indeed a defining competitive weapon. They are using tech to improve customer experience even as they wait for the telcos to expand capacity and improve speed with via investments.